Tuberculosis , causes , diagnosis , prevention and treatment.

Tuberculosis , causes , diagnosis , prevention and treatment.
respiratory diseases
Tuberculosis Causes, Symptoms. Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by bacteria. They are mainly transported by air. Therefore, the lungs are usually affected. However, there are different forms of tuberculosis. Today, tuberculosis is curable, but there are also severe complications. These can lead to death, particularly in the case of immature people. Here you can find out all about tuberculosis.
Tuberculosis Causes, Symptoms

Causes & Risk Factors

The TB  is caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis caused complex. The species Mycobacterium (M.) tuberculosis (most frequently), M. bovis, M. africanum, M. microti, M. Canetti and M. bovis BCG (Bacillus Calmette Guérin) are only the last mentioned bacterial species not reportable.


a} A special feature of TB is the slow growth of the pathogens. The tuberculosis bacteria divide only once a day, while, for example, darmbacteria divide every 10 minutes. Therefore, the disease usually proceeds creepily and develops slowly over many weeks. In order to safely kill all bacteria, the drug treatment must, therefore, be long enough and with a combination of different medicines.

b) The effects are very much dependent on which regions and organs are affected. It is assumed that TB will be healed without treatment in one-third of the cases, one-third of the patients remain chronic, and a third die from months to years


TB is typically transmitted by the smallest droplet cores (aerosols) which are not visible to the naked eye and contain tuberculosis bacteria. In case of contact with infectious TB patients, the patient and the contact person should wear mouth protection. If the droplets stick to the wall or to the floor of a room after the coughing, the risk of infection is over, because usually they are then not thrown back into the air again. In dust, tubercle bacilli can theoretically survive for a long time, but also the risk of infection is extremely low.


The most common localization of TB is the lung ( pulmonary tuberculosis ).

A) Bacteriological examination

B)  tuberculin skin test

Forecast & History

Tuberculosis was once one of the most terrible diseases (“white plague”). Many people were literally created by them Tb has also been drastically reduced by means of hygienic measures and a better diet.There is also a decisive decline in Tb -effective drugs, but the effects of globalization and the resulting migratory movements with human migration also occur. Uncomplicated tuberculosis can be cured with a sufficiently long and appropriate medication treatment, the risk of a regression is then extremely low. The healing prospects are all the better, the earlier the diagnosis is made and the therapy is started.


The combination of  (INH), rifampicin (RMP), pyrazinamide (PZA) and ethambutol. Alternatively, the antibiotic drug can even be administered rather than Ethambutol, however, this can be not accessible as a pillhowever, should be administered into the muscle (intramuscularly) or into the vein. it’s typically treated with four antituberculosis (INH, RMP, PZA, EMB) for over a pair of months and after treated with a mixture of two (INH, RMP) for an extra four months. the entire treatment time is thus six months in the traditional case.
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