How to Relieve the Symptoms of Spongiotic Dermatitis
Acute spongiotic dermatitis is a dermatological affection in which liquids stagnate under the skin causing severe inflammation. This epidermal problem is characterized by small rashes and inflammation. Spongiotic dermatitis may also be considered acute eczema, intended as the first manifestation of the disease and not as a chronic disorder. Spongiotic dermatitis can be treated with both home remedies and with medical intervention if diagnosed early.
Use Home Remedies
1) Keep your skin well hydrated to reduce irritation.
It is important to keep the skin soft and hydrated; dry skin can easily irritate, and dryness makes the skin sensitive to irritation. Keep your skin in good condition by following these simple tips:
Apply a moisturizer several times a day, or as needed. Use unscented creams because perfumes can cause allergic reactions.
Avoid extreme temperatures. Too hot or too cold can alter the temperature of the skin and make it dry. High temperatures evaporate the moisture of the skin; you can prevent this problem by hydrating it.
Drink 8 glasses of water a day. Water helps keep the body and skin hydrated. It is important to drink at least 8 glasses of water a day when you sweat a lot, to prevent dehydration.
2) Identify the triggering cause of spongiotic dermatitis.
Generally, this dermatological problem manifests itself following a triggering factor. Recognizing what this factor can help to cure and prevent the onset of the problem, avoiding all the causes of possible irritation.
The triggering factor could be a food allergy, an environmental factor, an insect bite or too aggressive detergents and soaps.
If you think that something can trigger dermatitis, avoid exposure to that particular factor.
3) Avoid scratching to keep the epidermis intact.
Do not scratch yourself, because this would make the problem more serious. Scratching hard, it would break the small blisters that could get infected. The infection would make the situation more complicated, further damaging the epidermis and be requiring medical attention.
Although the rashes give itchiness, focus on something else.
If the itching persists, rub the area gently, avoiding blistering.
4) Keep the itching and inflammation with cold compresses.
Cold compresses can relieve itching and inflammation because of cold causes vein constriction. Pruritus is caused by the release of histamine into the veins which causes redness, itching and boils. If you reduce the flow of histamine in your blood, you will reduce these symptoms.
Histamine is produced when an allergen enters the body; it is the substance that causes allergic reactions, including itching and inflammation.
You can make cold bandages to keep in place for 10/15 minutes, more or less every two hours, or as needed.
5) Protect the skin.
To prevent the situation from getting worse, protect your skin. Wear clothes with long sleeves when you’re outdoors, especially at night, when the bugs are more aggressive. The bubbles appear as a result of insect bites.
Apply insect repellent on areas not affected by erythema to keep insects away.
6) Take a bath with oats to sweeten your skin.
Oats are excellent for its emollient effects; contains flavonoids and phenols that protect the skin from dirt, UV rays and other skin irritations. It also moisturizes the skin making it soft. You can get colloidal oats in supermarkets.
Mix 5 tablespoons of oats in warm water; avoid using too hot water that would evaporate moisture from the skin. After mixing everything, take a bath lasting 15/20 minutes a day. The bath will relieve itching, hydrate the skin and accelerate the healing process.
7) Take a bath with baking soda.
Sodium bicarbonate can work wonders for the health of your epidermis. It helps to neutralize the acidity of the skin and to destroy toxins. Sodium bicarbonate accelerates the healing process of the skin, thanks to its property of maintaining the natural pH balance of the skin. Dry, itchy skin has a higher PH, so dipping your body in a bicarbonate bath can help relieve itching, treat skin with spongiotic dermatitis and keep skin pH under control.
Fill the tank with lukewarm water and add half a cup of baking soda, mix well and immerse yourself for 10/20 minutes every day.
You can also prepare a bicarbonate-based cream, mixing two bicarbonate cooking spoons in half a cup of water. Apply the cream directly on the affected areas, leave for 5/10 minutes and then rinse. Tap the area to prevent the blisters from breaking.
8) Use a mild soap for the bathroom.
The delicate soaps contain few chemicals harmful to the skin; uses delicate soaps and detergents to wash, this prevents chemical damage and prevents the situation of a skin affected by dermatitis, worse.
Hypoallergenic products can be chosen to avoid allergic reactions.
Examples are the products Aveeno, Neutrogena, Dove.
9) Do not wash clothing with excessively aggressive detergents.
Aggressive detergents cause dermatitis; the chemical residues that remain on the clothes, which are not rinsed well, can irritate the skin.
Take a mild detergent and rinse the laundry twice to remove any residue.
10) Apply lotions of the calamine to relieve itching.
It is a medicinal lotion, used to treat itchy skin, which relieves itching and pain caused by different irritations; you can buy it at the supermarket.
You can apply the lotion 2 or 3 times a day and let it dry. Follow the instructions in the package insert carefully.
Request the Doctor’s intervention
11) Go to the doctor if the situation gets worse.
If the blisters and rashes do not go away after a week, talk to your doctor. Be sure to check if spongiotic dermatitis does not disappear after a week of treatment, or even worse. Your doctor may prescribe oral medicines, steroid creams, menthol lotions, or light medications.
12) Undergo a skin biopsy to define the diagnosis.
You can contact a dermatologist, who will use different investigations to make the diagnosis. A skin biopsy involves taking a small portion of tissue for laboratory investigations.
You can also take a sample of skin to be chemically analyzed to rule out other causes that may have caused eczema.
13) Take antihistamines to reduce itching and inflammation. These drugs block the action of stamens that cause allergic reactions, giving relief to itching and inflammation. Here are some antihistamines:
Chlorpheniramine (Chlor-Trimeton), available in dosages of 2 and 4 mg. You can take 4 mg every 4/6 hours, do not exceed 24 mg per day.
Diphenhydramine (Benadryl) available in strengths of 24 mg and 50 mg. Take 25 mg every 4/6 hours, do not exceed 300 mg per day.
These medicines may cause drowsiness, therefore it is recommended not to drive, drink alcohol or use other equipment when taking these medicines.
14) Use cortisone ointments to reduce itching and inflammation.
Cortisone ointments can reduce inflammation and itching; they must be applied once a day on the affected area.
Apply the ointment in the morning after the shower, so it works all day.
An example of cortisone ointment is hydrocortisone ointment.
When the itching does not calm down by applying a topical corticosteroid, then take cortisone by mouth, as prescribed by a doctor. Among these, the prednisolone to be taken 1/2 times a day, as needed.
15) Apply emollients on the epidermis to avoid excessive dryness.
It is advisable to apply emollients once a day to avoid excessive dryness of the skin. These will improve the hydration status.
16) Take the antibiotics prescribed to fight the infection.
If the rashes are infected, take the antibiotic.
Flucloxacillin can be taken 3 times a day in doses of 250/500 mg, depending on the severity of the situation.
Immediately recognize the Symptoms
17) Identify the risk factors.
There are a number of common risk factors for spongiotic dermatitis. Especially children and those with sensitive skin are more susceptible to this problem.
It is common in children, manifested as diaper rash, caused by diaper warm-up, especially if worn for a long time.
It occurs in people with very sensitive skin, especially if they use aggressive soaps.
18) Note if the itching increases.
Pruritus is caused by an allergic skin reaction and is a reaction of the body to external agents, which may include various allergens and other causes of dermatitis.
19) Try to understand the cause of the erythema.
The itchy skin can cause a reddish rash due to the excessive flow of blood in that area. The body reacts to an inflammation with a greater blood supply in that area.
The rash generally appears first on the chest and abdomen and then extends on the buttocks.