How to Understand If You Have Sinusitis
Paranasal sinus infection, better known as sinusitis, is a widespread disorder of the upper respiratory tract, which affects millions of people each year. It usually occurs when the membranes of the paranasal sinuses become inflamed, those small spaces filled with air located inside the skull around the nose. All this causes a certain pressure in the area, with a consequent accumulation of air and mucus in the nasal cavity. If you feel pain in your nasal sinuses, you can put in place a few simple methods to understand if you suffer from sinusitis and take steps to alleviate the symptoms.
Recognize the infection
1) Check to see if you have sinus congestion and pain.
Sinusitis has many widespread symptoms, including nasal congestion. This is usually also associated with pain in the nose and adjacent areas, caused by the pressure of the inflamed sinus cavity. It is this pressure that often causes headaches.
You may experience pain when you move your head forward or when you touch the areas above the sinus cavities. The maxillary sinuses, which are located in the area under the eyes, can be painful or cause discomfort if they are pressed or crushed.
The symptoms may seem very similar to the common cold, with the same feeling of congestion, but with a pain and pressure to the nasal sinuses decidedly reduced.
2) Check for the odd-coloured mucus.
Another typical sign of infection is the presence of a rather unusual looking mucous secretion, which may tend to be greenish, yellowish or even red if it contains traces of blood. This is caused by the virus present in the body, which tends to alter the normal colour of the mucus.
The discharge of mucus could also be quite thick and difficult to expel by blowing the nose.
This is a characteristic that distinguishes an infection of the nasal sinuses from a common cold. The nasal secretion that occurs with the cold is usually abundant and frequent, but is generally light in colour, while the mucus caused by a sinusitis always has a cloudy and dark appearance.
3) Pay attention to a cough. 4 MAY 2018
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In addition to the nasal symptoms, you may also manifest a cough. Nasal secretion often tends to drain to the throat and lungs, causing nasopharyngeal drip; in this way, you could perceive the presence of fluid in the back of the throat that could cause, in turn, a product or a dry cough (with or without sputum).
You could also develop a mild fever.
This cough, however, does not come from the lungs, because sinusitis is not caused by the production of mucus by these organs. A cough that develops during an infection of the nasal sinuses is the way in which the body reacts to the nasopharyngeal drip to expel the phlegm that moves towards the lungs.
4) Distinguish sinusitis caused by chronic allergies.
Some types of allergies can cause an infection of the nasal sinuses. Allergies and sinusitis have some common symptoms (such as inflammation of the sinuses) that are the basis for the development of the infection. If you suffer from this disorder, the pressure and pain of the sinuses may occur in the days before the onset of the infection. You may notice a change in colour of the mucus when sinusitis changes from allergic to bacteria.
Those suffering from chronic allergies could also develop nasal polyps, which hinder drainage and facilitate the development of infection.
5) Contact the doctor.
The duration of symptoms is the most important factor in determining the need for medical intervention. If you notice that the symptoms of an infection last longer than a week and do not improve, you should contact your doctor. In this case, it is more likely that an accumulation of bacteria will develop inside the nasal cavities, causing a secondary infection. This will only worsen your disorder causing further pain and discomfort.
Bacterial sinusitis presents itself as a cold accompanied by intense pain and pressure of the sinuses that does not disappear on its own.
Your doctor may decide to undergo different treatments. There is a bit of controversy about the usefulness of antibiotics against sinusitis since there is no evidence to help defeat the virus.
If the symptoms last less than a week, it is not necessary to seek medical attention. Up to 70% of people suffering from sinusitis recover without the use of drugs or without being seen by a doctor.
If the doctor suspects a possible intracranial infection or an orbital cellulitis, it may require a CT scan in order to make a more accurate diagnosis.
It could also prescribe oral intake of decongestants such as pseudoephedrine or the use of antihistamine and mucolytic drugs.
If you do not notice any improvement with these interventions, you will often be prescribed an antibiotic like amoxicillin or Augmentin.
6) Assume of minerals.
There are some treatments and methods of prevention that can help if you have sinus or think you are suffering from it. As soon as you suspect sinus or cold can occur, take zinc as soon as possible. Studies have found that zinc taken within 24 hours of symptom onset greatly reduces its severity and duration.
Research has also found that between 75 and 150 mg a day reduce the duration of a cold by 42%.
You can take zinc through tablet supplements that you can easily find in the pharmacy without the need for a prescription. There are several pharmaceutical companies that market them. To take zinc, dissolve the tablet in a cup of water and drink the solution every 1-3 hours, keeping to the recommended daily dose.
7) Take Vitamin C.
Taking a large amount of vitamin C naturally strengthens your immune system. By doing so you can better fight the symptoms of sinusitis. Several studies have found that 2000 mg of vitamin C taken daily bring great benefits in reducing not only the duration but also the severity of the symptoms.
If you want to check the symptoms, you must take at least 1000 mg a day. Optionally, you can also take a dose greater than 2000 mg because no side effects or hypervitaminosis have been detected.
You can take more vitamin C every day thanks to the consumption of citrus and green leafy vegetables. If you wish, you can also buy counter supplements in powder or in chewable tablets.
8) Take a nasal shower.
When you start to feel some inflammation, you can use neti lota to irrigate the nasal cavities. It is a device in the shape of a small teapot that allows the nasal sinuses to be washed by irrigating a nostril with hot water and letting the liquid out from the other. To use it, fill the container with hot water at about 50 ° C. Tilt your head to one side to allow water to enter one nostril and flow out of the other.
Using a nasal irrigator can be dangerous. If you breathe during the nasal shower, it can introduce bacteria into the nasal cavities and potentially cause pneumonia.
There have been some rare cases of amoebiasis, an infection caused by a faecal parasite that lives in dirty water and which can be introduced into the body with poor hygiene practices. However, this problem is not found in areas with adequate water and sewage networks. If you fear that the water in your tap is not properly pure, boil it for at least 10 minutes and then let it cool to the recommended temperature before using it.
9) Try echinacea.
It is a medicinal plant that can help reduce the duration of symptoms. Some research has shown that echinacea is effective in these situations. Although there is no unanimous opinion about the right daily dosage, most professionals recommend taking 3 tablets of 176-300 mg every day for a week, during the manifestation of symptoms of sinusitis.
10) Get allergy medications.
If your sinusitis is caused by chronic allergies, you can find different types of over-the-counter medications that can help you relieve your symptoms. These drugs are available as tablets or as nasal sprays. You can take tablets, like Claritin and Zyrtec, to be taken in 5-10 mg daily doses. You can also try nasal sprays, like Flixonase, based on steroids that are not addictive; cortisones, however, should be prescribed by a doctor.
There are other nasal sprays on the market, but they have various negative side effects. The Neo-Synephrine decongestant spray contains an addictive element due to the rebound effect, and the congestion can worsen if the product is not used daily and in the appropriate manner.