How to prevent Asthma

How to prevent Asthma
respiratory diseases

How to prevent Asthma

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the lungs and airways. It is a serious condition and the triggering factors vary from person to person. Asthma cannot be prevented, but symptoms can be controlled and limited.

How to prevent Asthma


Know the Trigger Factors

1) Identify what triggers your asthma attack.
Many people who suffer from it breathe, run and exercise without any problem, but some factors (external or internal to the body) trigger a chain symptomatology that can last for minutes or weeks. When asthma strikes, think about what environments you’ve been attending recently and try to understand what you’ve been exposed to. Some trigger factors are:
Air pollution.
Cold air.
A cold or flu virus.
The smoke.
The Parfums.

2) Keep an asthma diary.
If you’re having trouble understanding what triggers your asthma, keep track of the symptoms for several weeks in a diary with details of the environment you’ve been attending, your emotions and physical sensations.
Search for a logic. If you suspect your asthma is caused by physical factors like the flu, keep track of it along with other illnesses over the course of a year and see if there are any correlations.
Be consistent. The diary will be more useful if you keep it updated as often as possible. If you’re a little distracted, set an alarm on your phone or computer to remind you to write.

7 MARCH 2018


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3) Consult a doctor.
If the causes are not clear, your pulmonologist, allergist or primary care physician can test you to find out what causes your asthma.

Avoiding Environmental Factors

4) Stay away from dust and mildew.
These are the most common causes of asthma and maintaining a clean environment will help.
Get a HEPA filter or another type of filter for your home.
Clean and vacuum the toilet regularly to prevent mould growth at home.
Disinfects the shower and other places where humidity can promote mould growth.
Use the fans and the air conditioning to maintain good air circulation.
If you suspect that you have an important mould problem at home or at work, ask for professional inspection and removal.
If you work in a dusty environment, wear a mask.

5) Avoid the perfume.
Some people with asthma are very sensitive to perfumes. If this is your case, do not put too much perfume and avoid being in contact with people who use it abundantly, put it sparingly and try not to inhale it.

6) Pay attention to the pollution.
Studies have shown that cities with high levels of pollution also have a high percentage of asthmatic inhabitants, especially among children. Smog and car exhausts worsen asthma.
Check the air quality in your area and avoid exercise and spend a lot of time out on the worst days. Learn when the air is better, for example in the summer morning, and plan your outdoor activities in those days.
Filter the air of your home through an air conditioner, instead of keeping the windows open.
Avoid living near the ring roads and traffic routes. If you can move where the air is cool and dry.

7) Say no to smoking.
Whether it’s tobacco, incense, fireworks or anything else, do your best to avoid inhaling smoke.

Limit Physical Trigger Factors

8) Avoid colds and flu.
When asthma is triggered by other viruses, minor colds can turn into weeks of wheezing and coughing. Take extra precautions to avoid getting sick.
Get vaccinated against seasonal flu. Influenza is not fun for anyone, but especially people with asthma must be sure to take the flu shot every year.
Avoid close contact with people who may be contagious.
Wash your hands often, especially when you have flu and during the cold season. Being aware of germs and maintaining good hygiene can prevent you from getting sick.

9) Treat your allergies.
If you have allergies that affect the lungs or sinuses, treating allergies is the best way to control your asthma in the long run. Talk to your doctor or allergist about medications and strategies for treating allergies.
You can buy decongestants and antihistamines without a prescription to treat some allergy symptoms.
Nasal prescription drugs and sprays can treat a variety of seasonal allergies.
Immunotherapy sessions can reduce allergies in the long term, helping the immune system to tolerate the accused allergens.

10) Be cautious with exercise.
If you have any triggers of asthma with training, be careful to play sports in cold or too dry or wet environments. Use the inhaler if you are worried that your training is going to cause an attack.

Take Care of Your Health

11) Stop smoking, or do not start at all.
Smoking cigarettes and similar products, although little, can ease asthma and a variety of other serious health problems. Quitting smoking is not easy, but in this way, you will have a significant positive effect on your health.

12) Check your weight.
Obesity can contribute to asthma and makes it more difficult to control it with exercise. However, obesity can be managed. To understand if you are obese or overweight, check your BMI (body mass index). If you are overweight you should work to lose weight through diet and exercise.

13) Train as best you can.
Asthma can make aerobic exercise difficult if not impossible for many people. However, do what you can, without making an attack and try to strengthen the lungs.

14) Take medication.
There are several drugs that are commonly used to control asthma. There are inhalers for both daily uses and for quick relief, as well as some tablets you can take to prevent general asthmatic symptoms. Talk to your doctor to find a drug that’s right for you.


Treat attacks and symptoms right away. Coughing and shortness of breath only cause the respiratory tract to become inflamed if you do not stop the symptoms in the bud. Learn to recognize the onset of an attack or an exacerbation and act immediately.

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