Full Form Of AIDS In Hindi
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the infection that causes the disease called AIDS and aids Full Form in Hindi is (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). AIDS is potentially life-threatening and a chronic untreatable condition, but its symptoms can be treated. Read on to learn more about how to reduce the symptoms caused by the HIV virus.
Reduce Home Symptoms
1) Fight a cough.
If you have developed an irritating dry cough, ask a friend or family member to assist you with respiratory physiotherapy. You have to sit with your back to the person who is helping you. This should hold the cupped hand like to hold water. The hand must have a domed shape that will help to induce vibrations in the chest; they are the vibrations that allow dissolving the phlegm. The hand must travel the ribcage along the back starting from the bottom and going back gradually towards the highest part.
You should never drum on the vertebral column, breastbone, clavicle or sinuses, otherwise, it could cause tissue injury and bone fracture or dislocation.
This process should usually take 3-5 minutes.
2) Reduce fever.
One of the symptoms you need to fight is a fever. Fortunately, it can be treated at home with the help of over-the-counter medications such as paracetamol. It is defined as fever when the temperature exceeds 38 ° C. The recommended dose is 500 mg every 4 hours until the fever disappears.
The maximum daily intake limit is 3500 mg. Beyond this limit causes an acute liver toxicity.
3) Participate in a support group.
The stigma of being HIV positive can lead to depression and social isolation. Participate in support groups and learn more about the disease. In this way, you can share ideas and meet new friends. These groups help overcome the psychological melancholy of HIV-positive people. Talk to your doctor or search the internet to find one in your area.
4) Follow a healthy diet.
A healthy diet strengthens the immune system and helps you avoid contracting other diseases such as heart problems or strokes. You should take fruit and vegetables every day, as well as lean proteins, whole grains and healthy fats.
Try to eat 5-6 servings of fruits and vegetables every day. These foods can really help strengthen the immune system.
Lean proteins include low-fat chicken, fish, beans and dairy products.
Whole grains provide healthy nutrients to the body, such as magnesium, potassium and fibre. Eat foods like rice, wholemeal bread, oats and millet.
Healthy fats are monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats. The foods that contain these good fats are nuts, olive oil, avocados, olives, soybean oil, linseed, tofu and fatty fish such as salmon and tuna.
5) Exercise a lot.
Physical activity creates the resistance of muscles and bones against stress. It keeps a good pumping of the heart and the healthy mind. The release of endorphins after a workout gives a natural charge. Train regularly for a more positive view of life. Combine cardio exercises with weights.
Cardio exercises are running, walking, mountain biking, swimming, dancing, etc.
Strength training consists of weight training, abdominal work, squats and other muscle toning exercises.
6) Stop smoking.
Smoking causes further stress on the body. It damages the lungs and compromises the dissolution of the mucus leading to a greater risk of contracting pneumonia. You can also block the lungs, making the cough worse.
7) Take precautions with animals.
Some animals can be harmful to people with HIV. The faeces of cats contain Toxoplasma gondii, a parasite that causes brain infection in people with a weak immune system. This parasite can remain on the ground for a year, even if the soil has been cleaned up by faeces.
8) Take the appropriate vaccines.
Getting vaccinated for influenza each year helps to reduce the chances of contracting virus strains; often only one injection is sufficient. For people with a weakened immune system, this can make the difference between getting sick a lot and not being a victim of flu.
Follow HAART Therapy
9) Learn what HAART therapy is.
Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) consists of a triple-drug therapy that stimulates the immune system. Triple drug treatment increases the chances of targeting all viruses present. The combination of three drugs aims at two purposes. Firstly, it reduces the chances of developing infections from bacteria and viruses that usually do not infect healthy people. Secondly, it prevents further multiplication of the HIV virus.
10) Take NRTI (nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, or antiretroviral drugs).
HIV incorporates DNA into the human cell from its own special enzyme: reverse transcriptase. This enzyme affects the cells of the body and generates new cells containing HIV. NRTI drugs disable this replication by interrupting this cycle. Zidovudine and lamivudine are among the most frequently used NRTIs.
Zidovudine: delays the progression of HIV infection to AIDS. It also reduces the possibility of HIV transfer from mother to child. The dose of the drug is administered according to specific cases.
Lamivudine: slows the development of HIV infection at AIDS. Also, in this case, the dose is administered case by case. In general, lamivudine is well tolerated by patients.
11) Take the protease inhibitors.
The main function of HIV protease is to produce infectious HIV particles. By stopping this process, protease inhibitors prevent infection. Here are some examples:
Saquinavir, ritonavir, indinavir, nelfinavir and amprenavir. The doses are administered according to the severity of the infection.
12) Consider the alternative NNRTI treatments (non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors).
The many side effects of HAART can sometimes deter patients from continuing therapy. Doctors, in this case, recommend a “protease-sparing” regimen. This scheme provides for 2 NRTIs with 1 NNRTI. The NNRTIs are fixed to reverse transcriptase. Thus the transcriptase becomes non-functional and does not allow the DNA of the virus to penetrate into the cells of the human body.
Efavirenz: — this is the favourite NNRTI drug of the moment. The most common side effects are insomnia, dizziness and difficulty in concentration, which however are reduced over time especially if there is no consumption of alcoholic beverages.
Nevirapine: — This is the first NNRTI approved by the Ministry of Health. Caution should be exercised when taking this drug with other antivirals, as it may increase or decrease the effect. Rashes are the most common side effect of this medication.
Take Antibiotics and Antifungals
13) Take antibiotics.
They are taken for a single type of pneumonia found in patients with AIDS: Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP). Azithromycin, Rifamycin and Ethambutol are the cardinal combinations for this infection.
14) Take Azithromycin.
This antibiotic blocks the formation of the bacterial protein. Proteins are the pillars of bacteria. The recommended dose for the treatment of PCP is 500-600 mg once a day. Although rarely (in about 5% of treated patients), side effects such as diarrhoea and stomach ache can occur.
15) Take Rifamycin.
The RNA polymerase enzyme uses human DNA to replicate the virus. This then enters the human cell turning into a cell of the virus. Rifamycin inhibits RNA polymerase by blocking viral infection. The recommended dose for the treatment of PCP is 300 mg per day.
A side effect is a reddish colour of the urine, sweat, saliva and tears. Although they may seem somewhat strange and a bit painful, they are actually harmless side effects.